The History of Braille
The Story of Louis Braille.
Louis Braille was born on 4th January 1809, in a place called Coupvray, which is just outside Paris. He was three years of age when an accident deprived him of his sight. He was working in his father's workshop and something hit him in the eye. It was a disease that spread to his other eye. In 1890 he was sent to the Paris School for the Blind. Louis desperately wanted to be able to read. He was determined to find a way to achieve this.
The Braille system.
Braille is made up of six dots. You can have what's called grade 1 and grade 2 Braille. Grade 1 is when everything is spelt out as it is for sighted people. Grade 2 is like a sort of shorthand. For example, the name Sandra is spelt out, but if I wanted to write Sandra in Braille, I would do an S followed by a word sign for AND. Then R and A would follow.
I'm sure you can imagine that Braille can take up a lot of room, for example, in the pocket English Dictionary. You couldn't fit the Braille English dictionary in your pocket! The Braille version of the English dictionary would fill about 50 books!